The History of the Current Royal Family of Jaffna
The Arya Cakravarti Dynasty
Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran, from Cakravarti Nallur in Cevvirukkai Nadu was the founder of the Arya Cakravarti Dynasty. Cinkai Ariyan was a descendant of a Brahmin General who had mastered the four Vedas and belonged to the Kasyapa Gotra. The Pandya inscriptions too, show that the Arya Cakravartis of Cevvirukkai Nadu from where the Kings of Jaffna traced their descent had earned great honour and distinction in military service under the Pandyas. Cakravarti Nallur in Cevvirukkai Nadu was the ancestral home of the Arya Cakravarti, Kings of Jaffna, and they ruled the Kingdom of Jaffna from the thirteenth century right down to the early seventeenth century. The first twelve monarchs, who succeeded their fathers, were independent monarchs of the Kingdom of Jaffna. The rest of the Kings of Jaffna ruled under the suzerainty of the Portuguese.
|1)||Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran (I) + Thilakavathiyar||(1215-1240)|
|2)||Kulasekara Cinkai Ariyan||Pararacacekaran (I)||(1240-1256)|
|3)||Kulottunga Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (II)||(1256-1279)|
|4)||Vikkrama Cinkai Ariyan||Pararacacekaran (II)||(1279-1302)|
|5)||Varotaya Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (III)||(1302-1325)|
|6)||Marttanta Cinkai Ariyan||Pararacacekaran (III)||(1325-1348)|
|7)||Kunapusana Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (IV)||(1348-1371)|
|8)||Virotaya Cinkai Ariyan||Pararacacekaran (IV)||(1371-1380)|
|9)||Jeyavira Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (V)||(1380-1410)|
|10)||Kunavira Cinkai Ariyan||Pararacacekaran (V)||(1410-1440)|
|11)||Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (VI)||(1440-1450)|
|Chempaka Perumal alias Sapumal Kumaraya||(1450-1467)|
|(Conquered the Kingdom of Jaffna)|
|12)||Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan||Cekaracacekaran (VI)||(1467-1478)|
|(Recaptured the Kingdom of Jaffna)|
Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran’s chief queen bore him two sons named Pararacacekaran and Cekaracacekaran. In 1450, Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran in order to save his subjects from the ravages of a protracted war wisely withdrew with his family to South India. Chempaka Perumal alias Sapumal Kumaraya, ruled the Kingdom of Jaffna on behalf of the Kingdom of Kotte, (1450-1467) for 17 years. Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan after 17 years in exile in South India, came back with an army and his eldest son Ilavarasan Cinkai Pararacacekaran displayed great skill in regaining the Kingdom of Jaffna for his father. The Arya Cakravartis were powerful rulers who were able to re-establish their rule over the Kingdom of Jaffna. Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran, after he regained his Kingdom in 1467, resolved at first to relieve the sufferings of his subjects from ravages of the war. After ruling for some years, Kanagasuriya Cinkai Ariyan Cekaracacekaran handed over the administration of the Kingdom of Jaffna to his eldest son Ilavarasan Cinkai Pararacacekaran and lived in retirement till his demise.
Cinkai Pararacacekaran ascended the throne in 1478 and reigned until 1519. Before ascending the throne in 1478, Cinkai Pararacacekaran had married Raja Lakshmi Ammal of the Chola Dynasty (while in India) who later became his chief queen. She bore him two sons, namely, Singha Bahu and Pandaram. He had also wed Valliammai, daughter of Arasakesari, who belonged to the Pandi Malavan clan, known as the “Mudithotta Vellalar”, as his second wife. She bore him four children, the eldest son named Paranirupasinghan, the second son named Ilansinghan, the third son was placed on the throne of Jaffna in 1565 by the Portuguese Captain Jorge de Melo de Castro and in the same year he was assassinated, the name of the Ilavarasan is unknown, and a daughter named Maragathavalli. His third wife Mangathammal of the Manava Family, she bore him a son named Cankili Raja and a daughter named Paravai. Arasakesari was an eminent Royal Scholar who lived in Nallur, and was a nephew of Cinkai Pararacacekaran. Arasakesari became the Monarch’s son-in-law by marring Ilavarasi Maragathavalli and the place where they lived is even now called “Arasakesari Vallavu”. It was customary for the royal family members to marry from high caste Vellala families.
Ilavarasan Cankili Raja seized the throne and proclaimed himself King of Jaffna. In 1519, he ascended the throne of Jaffna, by winning the support of the army, adopting the royal name of Cankili Raja (I) Cekaracacekaran.
Cankili Raja (I) Cekaracacekaran reigned (1519-1565). He had children by his wives and concubines. His eldest son, known as Prince Martyr was murdered in Jaffna in 1544, for embracing Christianity, his second son was Puvi Raja Pandaram by his concubine. Cankili Raja’s other sons were Dom Joao (sent to Goa by Cankili Raja’s sister Ilavarasi Paravai), another son, name unknown, was given as hostage to the Portuguese, he died in Goa in 1571, and Periya Pillai Pandaram and Kasi Nayinar.
Ilavarasan Periya Pillai Pandaram, son of Cankili Raja (I) Cekaracacekaran (1519-1565), with the approval of the people the Portuguese installed Ilavarasan Periya Pillai Pandaram as King of Jaffna. Periya Pillai Pandaram reigned (1570-1582), under the throne name of Cekaracacekaran. His eldest son, Gago Pandaram (Commander-in-Chief of the Forces) married the daughter of Puvi Raja Pandaram Pararacacekaran (1582-1591). Their son Cankili (II) Cekaracacekaran (1616-1620), had a son Pararasa Pandaram, and his son Veera Bahu, had a son Puviraja Pandaram, and his son Gurunathar, who in return had a son Vedanayagam Mudali, whose son was Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali.
Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali
Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali was born in Manipay. He was well educated and was a Chief Postmaster at Manipay in Jaffna. Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali was Raja Remigius Kanagarajah’s maternal great-great-grandfather. Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali had a son named Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali and a daughter named Chellammah Nachchiyar. Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali had inherited the properties from his ancestors in Jaffna and Pundaluoya. The answer to how Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali came to own so much lands in Pundaluoya, is that his great-great-grandfather Veera Bahu, the grandson of Cankili (II) Cekaracacekaran (1616-1620) lived in Pundaluoya because he was in hiding from the Portuguese and Dutch during the colonial rule. The Heritage of Ambagastenne Tea Estate and the Bungalow is located in Pundaluoya. Most of the Ceylon tea gardens are situated at elevations between 3,000 and 8,000 feet above the sea level. Pundaluoya is also known as Punduloya, Pundaloya, and it is located in the Central Highlands of Sri Lanka.
The Beautiful two storey Bungalow was built in the shape of the letter “T”. There was a beautiful large garden and a big pond filled with Lotus. The bungalow is surrounded by hills, tea plantations, green paddy fields, forest and streams. The Harrow Tea Factory, planter’s club and the property of Mr. Ponniah Edwards alias John Edwards are located near the bungalow. The beautiful Dunsinane waterfall is near the Pundaluoya town, measuring about 92m in height. It belongs to the group of twenty most spectacular waterfalls in Sri Lanka and the Amman Hindu Temple is located on the bank of the waterfall.
Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali built several temples and he developed Pundaluoya from the beginning. He also owned lands and a large Mansion in Thirupuvanam, Madurai in India. Most of his relatives spent their last days in the Mansion in Thirupuvanam.
Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali
Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali, eldest son of Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali, was born in Manipay, Jaffna. He had a great personality and served in the Malayan Railways as a Station Master and also lived in Penang and Kuala Lumpur in Malaya (Malaysia). Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali first married the daughter of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai and Nagammah, from his first marriage he had a son who died at the age of seven. Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali got married for the second time to his first wife’s sister, Ilavarasi Annapoorani Nagamuttu. She was the fifth child in the family and was a very conservative person. Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali and Ilavarasi Annapoorani Nagamuttu Cadiravel was Raja Remigius Kanagarajah’s maternal great-grandparent’s. It was customary in royal families to keep the royalty within the family and they had royal intermarriages. Due to the situation that time, Ilavarasi Annapoorani Nagamuttu Cadiravel lost seven children at birth. Finally, they had four sons named T.C. Arasaratnam born in Malaya, T.C. Navaratnam Selvarajah born in Seremban, Malaya, T.C. Nadarajah born in Nallur and T.C. Thambirajah born in Malaya.
Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali lived a lavish lifestyle. He followed the traditions and customs of his ancestors and made many charitable donations. In the Hindu tradition, there are many festivals that are observed throughout the year. During Hindu festivals many people, visit “Pavala Vaasal” to receive the blessing from Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali. Keeping with royal traditions he handed out sweets, gifts and gave them his blessing. Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali was a pious devotee of Lord Shiva and worshiped him all the time. After his retirement, he had a keen interest in the Siddha system of medicine. The Siddha system of Medicine is considered one of the most ancient traditional medical systems and it originated in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. The Siddha system of medicine is called “Saiva Sampradayam” (tradition of Lord Shiva), and was practised in Jaffna. It considered best suited to the climatic conditions of Jaffna and Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali spend more time on research new herbs and their uses.
Ilavarasi Annapoorani Nagamuttu Cadiravel and Villavarayar Sinnathamby Pulavar (1716-1760) of Nallur, Jaffna, were cousins. His father Mudaliyar Naganathar Villavarayar was a highly educated person who was held in great respect by the people and the Government. Mudaliyar Naganathar Villavarayar was the son of Mudaliyar Naganathar of Nallur and he was a descendant of Cinkai Arya Cakravarti Pararacacekaran (1478-1519). Dr. Elangai Murugesu Vijayaretnam Naganathan, (MP) (1906-1971), who was residing at his ancestral home in “Cankili Thoppu” in Nallur, Rear Admiral Rajan Kadirgamar, MVO. SL Navy and Sir Chittampalam Abraham Gardiner (1896-1960) were nephews of Ilavarasi Annapoorani Nagamuttu Cadiravel. She also was closely related to Navaliyoor Somasundara Pulavar (1876-1953), Rev. Fr. S. Gnanaprakasar, OMI, (nee Vaithilingam) son of Rajasingham Swaminathar and Thangamuthu. His father Rajasingham Swaminathar was a devout Hindu and the Custodian of the Velakkai Pillaiyar Temple in Manipay. Rajasingham Swaminathar was a teacher by profession and was a descendant of Puvi Raja Pandaram Pararacacekaran (1582-1591). His mother Thangamuthu was the eldest daughter of Vidane Vairamuttu Sittampalam, son of Vidane Vairamuttu, Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan (1851-1930), Rev. Fr. P. J. Jeevaratnam, OMI, (Rector of St. Henry’s College Ilavalai, Jaffna) and T. Chinniah Yogakumaran (Superintendent of Police, SLPR).
Ilavarasan Thambiah Cadiravel Arasaratnam
Ilavarasan T.C. Arasaratnam and his brothers, Ilavarasan T.C. Navaratnam Selvarajah, Ilavarasan T.C. Nadarajah and Ilavarasan T.C. Thambirajah were raised under strict supervision of their maternal grandmother and governess at “Pavala Vaasal” a large mansion in Nallur, Jaffna. They attended education at St. John’s College in Jaffna and were brilliant students. All four brothers maintained very close family ties and they had passion and interest for sports.
Ilavarasan T.C. Arasaratnam was very talented and during his school days, he was extremely well known for his speeches and he was also a member of the Court Jury. Ilavarasan Thambiah Cadiravel Arasaratnam was a Chief Post Master at Point Pedro in Jaffna, later he was at Colombo Secretariat Post Office and also served in other places. Ilavarasan T.C. Arasaratnam married his paternal aunt’s daughter Annammah. She was beautiful, kind, very generous and caring person. Ilavarasi Annammah lost five children at birth and they were blessed with four children, three daughters named Maheswary, Yogeswary and Rajeswary and a son named Mahendran Yogaraj Sundaram. While the children were still very young, Ilavarasi Annammah died at a young age following the birth of her youngest child. She was a devoted wife and loving mother. Their mother’s death was an incurable loss and grief for them.
The parents of Ilavarasan T.C. Arasaratnam, suggested that he should get married again after Ilavarasi Annammah’s death. Few months later, he got married for a second time to Puranam of Kondavil, they had a son named Ananthan Puranaratnam and a daughter named Ranji.
Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam
Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam, eldest daughter of Ilavarasan T.C. Arasaratnam and Ilavarasi Annammah, was born in Jaffna. Ilavarasi Maheswary and her younger sisters, Ilavarasi Yogeswary and Ilavarasi Rajeswary attended education at Holy Family Convent Ilavalai, Jaffna. It is one of the best convent schools in Jaffna. Rev. Mother M. Salome Reynaert of Belgium was the Mother Superior of the Convent in Ilavalai, and Rt. Rev. Dr. Jerome Emilianuspillai, OMI, was the Bishop of Jaffna. They also met their paternal relatives (Aunts) at school, two daughters of Lanthar Selladurai and a niece of Sir Chittampalam Gardiner and they spent many happy days with their relatives. Nesaratnam Selladurai one of the daughters of Lanthar Selladurai, who studied at Holy Family Convent Ilavalai, she later converted to Catholicism and became a Roman Catholic nun and she took the name Lumina. Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam was a bright and intelligent student and during her school days, she enjoyed such as music, painting and social events. She also had a great enthusiasm for sports. Ilavarasi Maheswary was a keen netball and tennis player and she has served as Captain for both teams. She was a Head Prefect and a House Captain for (Peter House). Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam after completing her education, at the request of Rev. Mother Salome Reynaert (Mother Superior), she taught English at Little Flower Convent in Karampon, then in Point Pedro and Teachers Training College in Jaffna. During her brief teaching career, she was very well respected by her colleagues and students.
Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam was graced with beauty, very pale skin; she had an erect posture and long silky black hair. She was charming, graceful, admirable, strong willed and had a regal personality. She loved fine clothes, jewellery and she wore traditional Sari with a Pottu on her forehead. Her attire was glamorous and stylish, and she enjoyed an extremely privileged lifestyle. Ilavarasi Maheswary Arasaratnam married her first cousin Thambirajah Kanagarajah, son of S.C. Thambirajah and Kolandavel Ponnambiki. The Ilavarasan Thambirajah Kanagarajah was well educated, pious, had a strong personality and was the Landed Proprietor of Ambagastenne Tea Estate in Pundaluoya. He also served in the Army with the Ceylon Royal Artillery during World War II. They had five children, three sons named Rajendra Sylvester, Meryll Venatious and Remigius and two daughters named Vanaja Maria Queenie and Jeraldine. They were raised under strict supervision of their parents.
Unfortunately, their eldest son, Ilavarasan Rajendra Sylvester Kanagarajah died at a very young age and he was laid to rest next to the tomb of his paternal grandmother Thirumathi Kolandavel Ponnambiki Thambirajah.
Their eldest daughter, Ilavarasi Vanaja Maria Queenie Kanagarajah married Sivathasan, son of Sabapathy Suppiah of Chavakachcheri, later they moved to the Netherlands and they have three sons named Angelo Thomas Rajiendhar, Anthony Gabbriel Laxman Naveen and Joseph Rafaell Pravin. In 2012, their eldest son, Angelo Thomas Rajiendhar Sivathasan married Akkila Clementine Meryll. They were Raja Remigius’s nephew and niece, the children of his sister and brother.
Ilavarasan Meryll Kanagarajah married Chandramathy, daughter of Kandiah, they have two daughters named Akkila Clementine and Achela Meloni.
Ilavarasi Jeraldine Kanagarajah married Jerom Prithiviraj Balachandran, son of Mahalingam Balachandran of Valvettithurai (Retired Chief Postmaster) and Angeline Balachandran (nee Goonawardene) daughter of late A. W. N. Goodawardene of Artie - Moragoda Walawwa, Dodanduwa. They have a daughter named Maha Antoinette.
Their youngest son Raja Remigius Kanagarajah in 2003, restored the traditions of the Arya Cakravarti Dynasty with the explicit approval of the family. On 15 June 2005, by the majority acclaim of representative members of the Royal Family of Jaffna, H.R.H. Raja Remigius Kanagarajah took over the responsibility as the Head of the Royal House of Jaffna. Raja Remigius Kanagarajah married Aishwary Rajnandhini Lusijah, daughter of Emmanuel Ratnajothi Rajaratnam of Nallur, Jaffna, and by mutual consent the couple decided to separate officially in 2006.
Ilavarasi Maheswary Kanagarajah’s Siblings
Ilavarasi Yogeswary Arasaratnam had a great interest in social work, loved music and was good at needlework. Ilavarasi Yogeswary Arasaratnam married Suppiah Kadiravel, they had a son named Mohanraj.
Ilavarasi Rajeswary Arasaratnam enjoyed sports activities such as netball and table tennis. She participated twice in table tennis competition at District level and won prizes. Ilavarasi Rajeswary Arasaratnam underwent a Teachers Training program for three years at the Teachers Training College in Palali, Jaffna. After completing the teachers training program she commenced her teaching career and functioned as English Teacher at Little Flower Convent in Karampon, Kayts. Few years later she was appointed Vice-Principal. She was a strict disciplinarian and was held in high respect. Ilavarasi Rajeswary Arasaratnam married Anthonipillai, son of Soosaipillai Saverimuththu. They had three sons named Gerard Joseph Pius, Reginold Michael and Eugene Mazanold Venesious.
Ilavarasan Mahendran Yogaraj Sundaram Arasaratnam attended education at Stanley College Jaffna. He showed special interest in literature and had also been a good sportsman in his college days. Ilavarasan Mahendran Yogaraj Sundaram Arasaratnam first married Saratha. They had two daughters and two sons. In order from oldest to youngest, their names are Shanthi, Suresh, Nishantha Kumara and Dushanthi. Ilavarasan Mahendran got married for a second time to Dorathy Mary, daughter of Arthur Leslie Melville of Scotland and Agnes Robert. They had a son named Rabindran.
Ilavarasan Thambiah Cadiravel Arasaratnam’s Siblings
Ilavarasan T.C. Selvarajah was a keen sportsman from his youth, representing the school at football and cricket. He completed the Cambridge Examination in Jaffna, and at a young age, he proceeded to Malaya and continued his involvement in sports. Later Ilavarasan T.C. Selvarajah married Seetha Devi, daughter of Vallipuram Chelliah and Chellammah Muthiah of Nelliady. They had four children, three sons named Suseelan, Soman and Bahman and a daughter named Bahma and the family settled down in Malaya.
Ilavarasan T.C. Nadarajah first married Punithavathani, daughter of Dr. Saravana Balasuriya of Jaffna. They had a daughter named Sivagnanam Sothy. He got married for a second time to his first wife’s sister, Mathuram, they had no children and both wives lived in the same dwelling happily.
Ilavarasan T.C. Thambirajah married Pahavathi Selvaratnam, daughter of Thillaiampalam Karthigesu of Manipay and he was a first cousin of Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali. They had four daughters and two sons. In order from oldest to youngest, their names are Thavamani Devi, Jeyakumar, Vijayakumar, Jeevanayagi, Selvanayagi and Rajanayagi.
Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai - (Ref. Family Tree - 2)
Ilavarasi Vethavalli of Mathagal, daughter of Ilavarasan Pararajasinghan and granddaughter of Ilavarasan Paranirupasinghan (heir apparent), married Thanabala Mudali, the Vellala Chief of Mathagal, son of Rajendra Mudali. Their second daughter married Mudaliyar Chidambaranatha II, son of Mudaliyar Chidambaranatha Narasinga Mappana. Their son Mudaliyar Chidambaranatha Sittampalam married Seethevipillai, daughter of Mudaliyar Rasasingham Karalasingham. Their son Sittampalam Thiruchelvarayar had a son named Karalapillai, and his daughter Santhiyal Karalapillai married Soosaipillai and their daughter Mariamuttu Soosaipillai married Kanagaratnam. They had five children, three sons, namely, Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai, Sellathurai and Rajathurai and two daughters, namely, Nallammah and Muttammah.
Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai was Raja Remigius Kanagarajah’s maternal great-great grandfather. “Cankili Thoppu” in Nallur, Jaffna, was the ancestral home of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai. He was an influential person, and was held in great respect by the people. Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai married Nagammah and they had nine daughters and one son. Their children were born and raised in “Cankili Thoppu” in Nallur, Jaffna and they all got married into noble families of Jaffna.
Proctor Suliothayar, son of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai and Nagammah, was an eminent leading Proctor and established his practice in Nallur, Jaffna. Proctor Suliothayar took an active interest in religious matters, and was a popular person who was always of great help to the people of Jaffna.
Lanthar Selladurai was a grandson of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai and Nagammah. The title of Lanthar was conferred on him. Lanthar Selladurai was the first person to own a Horse Chariot in Nallur. Konamalai Mudali, a descendant of the Pandya Kingdom, married Valliammai, daughter of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai and Nagammah. Later the Konamalai Mudali family had settled in Trincomalee. Gate Mudaliyar Muthuthamby hailed from a distinguished, highly respected and wealthy family. “Thamil Agham” in Anaipanthy, Jaffna, was the ancestral home of Gate Mudaliyar Muthuthamby. He married Sivakolunthu, granddaughter of Mudaliyar Kanagaratnam Thambithurai and Nagammah. Gate Mudaliyar Muthuthamby donated many books to Jaffna Public Library, there were about 97,000 books and over 10,000 manuscripts and some of the books were priceless. All these precious collections were consigned to the flames when the Public Library in Jaffna was set on fire. It was one of the largest libraries in South Asia.
Ilavarasi Chellammah Thambiah Nachchiyar - (Ref. Family Tree - 3)
Ilavarasi Chellammah Thambiah Nachchiyar, daughter of Vedanayagam Thambiah Mudali and younger sister of Thambiah Cadiravel Mudali, was born in Manipay. She had her early education at home under the direct supervision and guidance of her mother and governess. Ilavarasi Chellammah Thambiah Nachchiyar was Raja Remigius Kanagarajah’s maternal great-grandaunt and paternal great-grandmother. Ilavarasi Chellammah Thambiah Nachchiyar married Zamindar Ramasamy Sangaralingam Caruppiahpillai of Kaveripoompattinam, India. Kaveripoompattinam also known as Poompuhar is located in Sirkali Taluk of Nagapattinam District in Tamil Nadu. It has a great historical importance and was once a flourishing ancient biggest port on the east coast and it was the Capital under the earlier Chola Kings. The greatness of the city is brought out in some of the poems in Sangam Literature and also by Silapathikaram, Manimekalai and Pattinappalai among the epics. Pillai was a Tamil title, conferred by the Arasan upon prominent Vellalar chieftains and feudal lords during the time of Chola and Pandya Kingdoms.
Ilavarasi Chellammah Thambiah Nachchiyar and Zamindar Ramasamy Sangaralingam had seven daughters and two sons. In order from oldest to youngest, their names are Periyathangam, Ponnuthangam, Annammah, Rasammah, Sinnathangam, S.C. Thambirajah, S.C. Rajaratnam, Sivapackiam and Ratnam.
Their eldest daughter, Periyathangam married Ponniah Edwards alias John Edwards, son of Murugesu Kandiah of Point Pedro, and they had no children. Later Ponniah Edwards got married for a second time to his first wife’s sister, Ponnuthangam, they had a daughter named Selvalakshmi Edwards. She was the first granddaughter born in the family. Ponniah Edwards was a wealthy person, owned many lands, the Heavenwewa Tea Factory and Eighteen Transport Lorries in Pundaluoya. He also made many charitable donations and built religious shrines. Zamindar Ramasamy Sangaralingam built the Rasammah Temple near the Mansion in Pundaluoya, after the unfortunate death of his loving daughter Rasammah. Zamindar Ramasamy Sangaralingam Caruppiahpillai bought the entire village “Narikudi Grahamam”, which belongs to Virudhunagar District of South India. In the last decade of his life, he spent in the Mansion in Thirupuvanam, Madurai, India.
S.C. Thambirajah and S.C. Rajaratnam, both brothers attended education at Trinity College in Kandy, and they were well educated. S.C. Thambirajah was the sixth child in the family and he was held in great respect by everyone. S.C. Thambirajah married Kolandavel Ponnambiki, sister of Arunachalam. They had five children, three sons named T. Selvarajah, T. Rajasingham and T. Kanagarajah and two daughters named T. Padmavathi Rasathi and T. Yogeswary. Unfortunately, their eldest son, T. Selvarajah died at the age of eighteen. S.C. Thambirajah and Kolandavel Ponnambiki was Raja Remigius Kanagarajah’s paternal grandparents. S.C. Thambirajah was pious and took part in all the religious ceremonies. During the time of the festivals and occasions, musicians, poets and dancers were brought down from South India. Hindu festivals were celebrated in the most elaborate and grandest way. Sweets and gifts were also distributed to the people.
S.C. Thambirajah loved his wife Kolandavel Ponnambiki so much that he built a tomb right in front of the Bungalow and laid her ashes in it. The tomb was designed by S.C. Thambirajah and it was built with such beauty and height that people could sight it from the next town and that is how they identified Pundaluoya. He made lavish contributions to charity, built other religious shrines and also donated lands to build temples. One of the Buddhist Temples still exists in Kadadorapitiya, Pundaluoya. The success and popularity of S.C. Thambirajah was so immense that, as a mark of respect following his passing, white flags were hoisted and all offices and shops were closed in Pundaluoya and nearby towns.